He also added streets of Belle Époque architecture, before the fashion transferred to Biarritz. [39] Oil and focussed businesses (Total Exploration Production France, Total SA, Total infrastructure Gaz France (TIGF), Schlumberger, Halliburton) and chemical (Arkema, Air Liquide) settled in Pau or the surrounding area (in Lacq at the Chemparc chemical park but also in Pardies and Artix). The city takes its name from the stockade (pau in Béarnese) which surrounded the original castle. The city has 17,000 students and 3,900 researchers. Napoleon used it as a holiday home during his period in power. The city plays a leading role for Béarn but also for a wide segment of the Adour area. Thus constituted fortress was turned into a Renaissance palace by Marguerite d'Angoulême and then restored under Louis-Philippe and Napoleon III. In 2014, François Bayrou became mayor, after standing against David Habib in the election. [48] This would thus enhance the protection of the panorama, and also be an improvement with the renaming of this site to the general public. The centre depends on the ICC Pau Béarn. The network consisted of three lines, with a length of 7 kilometres (4.3 mi). As soon as the wind stops, snow can fall. Bernadotte was a French non-commissioned officer who was born in Pau and became a general of Napoleon and then King of Sweden under the name Charles XIV. At the beginning of the 20th century, Pau was still a resort town where European nobility spent the winter. In the 21st century, the mainstays of the Béarn area are the oil business, the aerospace industry through the helicopter turboshaft engines manufacturer Turbomeca, tourism and agriculture. Inaugurated in 2000 at the foot of the original Parliament of Navarre, the Hôtel du Département [Departmental Administrative Building], a building of glass on which some buildings of the, Renovated in 2007, the Bosquet Centre, is a shopping centre of contemporary architecture in the centre of town. Seventeen sites were registered in 1944 as Horizons Palois, in order to protect them from any construction or alteration that may deteriorate the extraordinary panorama which is particularly visible from the Boulevard des Pyrénées and the château. Limited scheduled flights serve Amsterdam, London, Southampton, Dublin, Lyon and Paris. This map show Pau seen by the satellite of Google Map. Pau, land of aviation, at the Palais Beaumont, a permanent exhibition that traces the history of aviation in Pau. The racecourse and the airport (depending on CCI) were renovated. The lords of Béarn then granted the status of viguerie (a small administrative district in the Middle Ages) to this new village which continued to expand gently. From 1962 to 1999: Population without double counting; for the years following: municipal population. Pau was made the capital of Béarn in 1464, instead of Orthez. The University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour had 25 laboratories and 650 researchers in 2007. After World War II Pau continued as a non-championship Formula One race until 1963. The airport area in particular (aeropole Pau Pyrénées) is expanding and includes aeronautical and automotive subcontractors. The Château de Pau dominates the Gave de Pau. Pau alone hosted seven global aircraft manufacturers until 1914 and became the world capital of aviation. The Centre Hospitalier de Pau has contributed to the establishment of an important centre of health by enabling the consolidation of different private institutions close to the hospital area: It also hosts the site of the French Establishment of Blood (145, Avenue de Buros). It is famous for being the birthplace of Henry IV, King of France and Navarre, in 1553. A tunnel is followed by the narrow hairpin at the Louis Barthou high school that leads the track into the demanding Parc Beaumont section at the top of the town. [36] He defeated Marshal Soult at Orthez (some 40 km (25 mi) to the north-west) on his way into France from Spain towards the end of the Peninsular War. The aviation industry is represented by major industrial groups (Safran, Turbomeca, Messier Dowty, Examéca, MAP, etc. Until the 12th century, this fort was consolidated and some houses were combined there, together, in a small hamlet. The 18th RCP was dissolved in 1961, due to having contributed to the putsch of the generals of Algiers. Two amateur orchestras: The Ossau and the EOP (Orchestral Ensemble of Pau), The Théâtre Saint-Louis, historic theatre of Pau near the, The Saragosse Theatre, a subsidised dance-theatre Pau/Béarn with plural spaces in the Saragosse Quarter, The Bourbaki Theatre (it closed its doors in 2014), Festival access(s), created in 2000 (electronic culture), Festival HIP HOP NON STOP (organised by the Gare-urbaine association), International festival of Film of Pau (1st edition in November 2010), Tremplin Salsa Festival: International competition of Salsa. In partnership with Booking, we offer a wide range of accommodation (hotels, gîtes, B&Bs, campsites, apartments) in the location of your choice. Pau is at about 190 km (120 mi) from Bordeaux and from Toulouse, on a 200 m elevation overlooking the valley of a mountain river called the Gave de Pau, and at 100 km (62 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean and at 50 km (31 mi) from the Pyrenees. Gaston Fébus (Gaston III of Foix and Gaston X of Béarn) added a brick donjon (keep), known as la tour Billère [the Tower of Billère]. The Ostau Bearnés is a Pau organization bringing together all who practice or teach the language.[26]. [citation needed]. Next to these public amenities, wealthy foreign visitors were building villas to improve the conditions of their stay. The city of Pau is shown on the map by a red point. The Communauté d 'agglomération of Pau Béarn Pyrénées has about 170,000 inhabitants. Gave is the name given to a torrent in the Pyrenees. Institut de formation supérieure à l'action commerciale (IFSAC). The Gave de Pau, which descends from the Pyrenees, was a river which was fairly difficult to cross, and for a distance of approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi), only three fords existed: from Nay to the east, from Orthez to the west and that of Pau, strategically located between the two. New underground parking compensated for the removal of 400 parking spaces on the surface; also two underground car parks gained redesigned access. Work started towards the end of 2014. The town of Pau was also served by the Pau-Oloron-Mauléon railway (POM), whose main station was found at the Place de la République. The General Council settled there and it still holds its sessions. The configuration of the city shortly moved from the end of the 1960s. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Pau, France on Tripadvisor: See 4,254 traveler reviews and photos of Pau tourist attractions. Capped by a monumental statue of the Virgin and child, the Notre-Dame Church, of Art Deco inspiration, was built in the first half of the 20th century, in continuity with the ancient church dedicated to the pilgrimage which came before. The Church of Saint-Joseph, work of the architect, St Peter's Church was built in 1970 by the. Municipal services settled in the current premises of the town hall in 1878. Spain is 50 km (31 mi) away as the crow flies. The Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, founded in 1972, accounts for a large student population. Pau is thus one of the European cities that have the most square meters of greenery per capita (80 square metres (860 sq ft) per capita):[citation needed]. When Henry IV left Pau to become King of France, he remarked to local notables that he was not giving Béarn to France, but giving France to Béarn. Pau should, ultimately, be fully connected to a fibre optic network (Pau Broadband Country) of the agglomeration of Pau-Pyrénées communities which will allow a data transfer rate of 10 to 100 megabits per second (and 1 gigabit per second for some companies) and applications of types such as VoIP, online services and webTV. The British discovered Pau and its climate, and left their imprint when Wellington left a garrison there in 1814. Pau became the capital of Béarn in 1464 and the seat of the Kings of Navarre in 1512 after the capture of Pamplona by the Kingdom of Castile. Pau was the birthplace of Elf Aquitaine, which has now become a part of Total. After the Casino garden and another hairpin, the track winds back to the start along the Avenue Lacoste. The climate tourism which took over in Pau has left a set of prestigious villas as a legacy. The Belle Époque marked a resurgence for the Béarnaise capital with a massive influx of wealthy foreign tourists, who came to spend the winter to take advantage of the benefits of Pau's climate. This site held the. A castle was built, overlooking the north bank, at equal distance from Lescar, seat of the bishops, and from Morlaàs, capital of the Viscounts of Béarn. A university city, it has concentrated several industrial centres and centres of important research in the fields of petroleum engineering and geosciences, petrochemistry and chemistry, food, automotive, aeronautics and computer science. Pau held the first race to be called a Grand Prix in 1901. The city is connected to Spain through the Somport tunnel and the Col du Pourtalet. [citation needed]. Institute of higher education in the commercial action. Many public amenities were from this period, including the Pau Funicular to connect the station to the upper town. Its geographical location, not far from the Pyrenees, gives the city a contrasting, warm oceanic climate. The 2010 Tour visited Pau on three occasions: First as a passing town, second time as a finish, and the third time as a departure town on the way to the Col du Tourmalet. Pau is also a green city, having more than 750 hectares (1,900 acres) occupied by green areas, with many rare and exotic species. Geogr. The city is located in the heart of the former sovereign principality of Béarn, of which it was the capital from 1464. The technopoles [technological hubs] of Helioparc (close to the University, 1,000 jobs), Pau Cité Multimédia (north of the town, 700 jobs) and the @LLEES (Villa Ridgway built in 1905, former headquarters of Elf) concentrate a large number of systems integration and computer engineering information technology consulting schools. Subscribe to the newsletter! In 2006, the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Pau Béarn had 11,000 industrial and commercial companies registered as headquartered in Pau. After a year of refurbishment to standard, service resumed on 25 November 2006. This golden period of climate tourism in Pau stopped abruptly at the outbreak of World War I. Another is that the name refers to a ford across the river administered by the church, the pious. In 1876, there were 28,908 inhabitants of Pau. School of engineering of CFAI Adour (centre of training for apprentices of industry in Adour). You may unsubscribe at any time by clicking the unsubscribe link included in the newsletter. New facilities were created, including sports, such as the Zénith de Pau}, the Palais des Sports, the Jaï Alaï, and the artificial whitewater arena. The northern extremity of a plateau, formed to a point, overlooks this ford of almost 80 metres (260 ft). Following the ancient chapel of the convent of the Cordeliers, it was completed in 1867. The Gave de Pau, which becomes a torrent when mountain snow melts, takes its source in the Cirque de Gavarnie and is the main tributary of the Adour, into which it empties after 175 kilometres (109 mi). [note 1] However the first references to Pau as a settlement only occur in the first half of the 12th century. The 5th regiment of combat helicopters [fr] (RHC), which was the first regiment of France to be equipped with the new Eurocopter Tiger, the school of airborne troops (ETAP), the staff of the special forces land brigade, its air component (DAOS), and the central military administrative archive (Bernadotte Barracks [fr]) office. In the 16th century, slaughterhouses were constructed along with the Protestant temple of Pau, the, Responding to demand from English residents, Christ Church was built on the. For amateur joggers the Gave de Pau river bank footpath is a most valued itinerary,[citation needed] which starts near the castle and passes along Pau's golf course heading west. Tertiary functions: administrative (prefecture, general council, etc. Dance international meetings organized by the Rezodanse association. Pau (French pronunciation: ​[po], Occitan pronunciation: [paw]; Basque: Paue [pau]) is a commune overlooking the Pyrenees, and capital of the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques in the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France. The track, 2,769 metres (1.721 mi) long, is winding and has remained largely unchanged. The Chamber of commerce and industry of Pau Béarn manages the Pau-Pyrénées airport, the Groupe ESC Pau, the consular hotel, the CNPC and the IPC de Pau. Napoleon III added a double tower framing a false entry, to the West. The current Place de Verdun [fr] which has become parking and was formerly known as Place Napoleon, was, in fact, an area of close exercises. The project to erect the Church of Saint-Louis, on the site, launched in 1685 and revived in 1788, was never successful. Jean Touyarot, L'Hôtel des ombres, Seuil, 2011, 220 p. Voir l'explication des aboutissants de la conférence dans Hugues Tertrais, la piastre et le fusil. This network has encouraged the location of French and foreign companies to Pau, which are specialised in imaging, services or design online. This map gives a detailed information of the streets, lanes and neighborhoods of Pau. Thereafter the race was run to Formula Two rules until 1985, and thereafter by its replacement, Formula 3000. Pau hosted its 63rd stage in 2010, and only one other city besides Paris has done better. The Church of Saint-Jacques, also of Gothic influence, regained its two spires in 2012. Pau became a leading political and intellectual centre under the reign of Henry d'Albret. National School of music and dance (DMNT): DMNT de Pau is located in the former convent of the Servicers and has (1,200 students. To make sure you don't miss the latest news, our good deals and essential traffic updates. Various economic, literary and scientific, The Institute for Research on Companies and Development (IRSAM), The IRMAPE, the Centre for Research in Management and on the organisation of the, The Institute of Environmental Biology Aquitaine South (IBEAS), Psychosensory Properties of Materials (2psm) founded by the. These villas now have various uses such as a charming hotel (Villa Navarre, an Anglo-Norman Manor built between 1865 and 1870),[46] a reception room (Villa Saint Basil's built in 1889), apartments (Palais Sorrento in 1888) and as a residence of the prefect (Villa Saint Helena) etc. The city has, however, received foreign influences of major importance (English, Spanish, Russian, Brazilian) and remains very open to the outside with a large English student community, along with the presence of Dutch, Portuguese, Spaniards and Moroccans. Training of music teachers and teaching of the, The Hauterive Centre, including the functional rehabilitation service, care and medical rehabilitation unit and the nuclear medicine service, among others, The Jean-Vignalou Centre, intended for Gerontology, A specialised facility, Centre Hospitalier des Pyrénées, situated on, The Institute of training of health (IFCS) provides the training of healthcare managers, nursing sector, The centre for continuing education of health professionals (CFCPS), The André Labarrère Intercommunal Library, on. [47] In some districts, for example Trespoey, the villas are bathed in vegetation. The main stops are at Pôle Bosquet and also at the markets, the Place de Verdun, the SNCF railway station and the Auchan shopping centre. The university has 34 teams of research including 11 teams associated with the CNRS and INRA team. The centre of town also saw significant upheavals with the rehabilitation of the Palais Beaumont and the construction of a new private commercial centre named Centre Bosquet. [citation needed] Finally, a media library was created in 2012 in the Les Halles quarter. Michelin Travel Partner will process your email address in order to manage your subscription to the ViaMichelin newsletter. Pau combines all the functions and administrative headquarters of a regional agglomeration: General Council of Pyrénées-Atlantiques [fr], Court of Appeal for the departments under the purview of Pau (Pyrenees Atlantiques, Landes and Gers), the regional hospital, Chamber of commerce and industry of Pau Béarn [fr], Chamber of Trade of Pyrénées Atlantiques, Chamber of Agriculture of Pyrénées Atlantiques, SDIS 64, Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour. See you soon! Carried out according to the plans of the architect. Held annually in October, it is one of only six annual competitions in eventing that receive the highest rating of CCI**** from equestrianism's world governing body, the FEI. The Le Méliès Cinema was housed in a former place of worship, a Scottish Presbyterian Church. Pau is a quiet, dignified town with gorgeous views of the Pyrénées.The main part of the city is on a cliff about 100 feet (30 meters) above the Gave de Pau River. In 1619, Pau revolted. After the July Monarchy, Pau became, between 1830 and 1914, had the most famous climate and sports resort in Western Europe. The ViaMichelin map of Pau: get the famous Michelin maps, the result of more than a century of mapping experience. Browse the most comprehensive and up-to-date online directory of administrative regions in Pau. The University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour (UPPA) had 11,200 students, in May 2012, spread across five sites: Pau, Anglet, Bayonne, Mont-de-Marsan (Landes) and Tarbes (Hautes-Pyrénées). On Pau Map, you can view all states, regions, cities, towns, districts, avenues, streets and popular centers' satellite, sketch and terrain maps. The defence sector represents a little more than 2,000 direct jobs in Pau. One driver of uptake and CO2 sequestration process is also underway (industrial investment of €100M). Many small structures gradually developed at the foot of the château, the production focused on textiles and the food industry. These firms are involved on the Airbus programmes of A380/A300/A330/A320 (landing gear, carbon fibre, welding, aerostructures), Eurocopter (engines, machining parts), Boeing (landing gear) and Embraer. During World War II, the Continental Hotel collected many refugees, including Jews hounded by Vichy and the Nazis, even when the soldiers of the Wehrmacht requisitioned two floors of the hotel.[17]. Good English, American, Russian, Spanish or Prussian society met in the Béarnaise city. [citation needed] Between 1850 and 1910, many residences were thus built and still evoke the splendour of this period, today. Learn how to create your own. The inhabitants of the city are known as paulins in Occitan, and palois in French. After that the 1928 French Grand Prix was held in nearby Saint-Gaudens, Pau also wanted to arrange the race and in 1930 the French Grand Prix was held on a Le Mans-type track outside the city with Philippe Étancelin winning for Bugatti. City of Art and History, Pau has managed to preserve its heritage and boasts magnificent buildings scattered throughou… The area of Pau-Lacq is also geared towards fine chemicals (Acetex, now closed) and new materials. Search Beyond. The town of Pau is marked by a strong cultural identity, with the presence of a French-Occitan bilingual school (calandreta Paulina) (90 students) in Pau and one in the metropolitan area in Lescar (60 students), by a living practice of Béarnese and the success of the Occitan cultural groups. Map Of Pau France has a variety pictures that partnered to find out the most recent pictures of Map Of Pau France here, and as a consequence you can acquire the pictures through our best map of pau france collection. From the 1870s the Boulevard du Midi was gradually extended to the east and west to form the current Boulevard des Pyrénées, the lavish Winter Palace – with a palmarium; and internationally renowned hotels, the Gassion and the France, which offered a majestic and luxurious setting for concerts and receptions to take place. The city had a municipal charter; fairs took place, like the Béarn states. The Comédie des Mutins in Lescar, in the Pau agglomeration, can be added to this list. Mixing architectural styles, it was repeatedly altered and was renovated from 1996, after half a century of neglect. Steam traction was used on the network, which disappeared in December 1931. We have reviews of the best places to see in Pau. In 1937 the race was part of the French sports car series with Jean-Pierre Wimille dominating, running three to four seconds a lap faster than the rest of the field. From 1947, during the four mandates of Mayor Louis Sallenave, the town of Pau experienced strong growth. This place is situated in Pau, Pyrenees-Atlantiques, Aquitaine, France, its geographical coordinates are 43° 18' 0" North, 0° 22' 0" West and its original name (with diacritics) is Pau. The 1938 race saw René Dreyfus' Delahaye sensationally beating the Mercedes-Benz team. Finally, in 2007, the race became a round of the World Touring Car Championship. Pierre Bourdieu Institute of social work Pau – Pyrénées (ITS): ITS de Pau was renamed in 2006 as ITS Pierre Bourdieu, in homage to the Pau sociologist and offers training in medical fields. The Aéro-Club du Béarn, the oldest Aero-Club of France, was founded by Paul Tissandier in December 1908 to approve the flights that the Wright brothers were to perform in Pau. It works every day and its hours are Monday to Saturday, from 6:45 am to 9:40 pm and Sunday from 1:30 pm to 8:50 pm. Renting a car can be financially advantageous. The former use of the building explains the statue of Thalia, muse of comedy starring to the front, which adorns its pediment. Renovated in October 2012, it offers intermediate programming between. The Chapel of Saint-Louis-de-Gonzague, classic architecture, accompanied by the establishment of a college of, Former place of worship of the Ursulines de Pau, the Chapel of Notre-Dame-du-bout-du-Pont built in 1872 was relocated in 1932. The site has been occupied since at least the Gallo-Roman era. Pau was previously the Championship venue in 1943 and 1969. In the meantime, the interim was ensured by Martine Lignières-Cassou, First Assistant and Deputy of the First Constituency of Pyrénées-Atlantiques. The capital of the former province of Béarn, Pau is mainly a spa and tourism centre. Pau has a Russian Orthodox Church, a mosque, a synagogue and a number of smaller churches such as St-Jean-Baptiste, Sainte-Bernadette and Sainte-Thérèse. According to Gaston of Breuille (of Pau, 1896) notes the ancient arms granted in 1482, by François-Phoebus, King of Navarre, were: These blazons are certainly incomplete or defective, because it is unclear how a peacock (or whatever it is) could be placed on a pale that by definition goes to the top of the shield. The Chapel of the Château de Pau, visible from the main entrance, is adjacent to the brick keep. Baseball and Softball: The Pumas de Pau were Champions of France in 2004 and finalist in 2006. In 1464, Gaston IV of Foix-Béarn, after he married the Infanta Eleanor of Aragon, transferred his Court of Orthez to Pau. The Viscount of Foix-Béarn on who Pau depended, his arms are inspired by the three pales of Foix and the two cows of Béarn. Legend: K: Kindergarten / P: Primary school, Legend: S: Secondary College / T: Technical college, Legend: G: General education high school / V: Vocational high school. The multiplex offers a large and public programming. A TGV rail line runs to Paris and from Bayonne to Toulouse. Capital of the Béarn department in the Aquitaine region, Pauis an old royal city beautifully set between the mountains and the ocean, at the extreme southwest tip of France. The Environment and Materials Multidisciplinary Research Institute (IPREM), comprising four teams of CNRS. In summer, the maximum temperatures are of the order of 20 to 30 °C (68.0 to 86.0 °F), and temperatures above 35 °C (95.0 °F) are reached very rarely. The international airport of Pau-Pyrénées, located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) to the north-west in the commune of Uzein, is connected directly to Paris Charles-de-Gaulle and Paris-Orly, as well as airports in Marseille, Lyon, London, Southampton and Amsterdam, among other destinations. While the upper town thrived because of the coming of the rich European tourists, the lower city specialised in industry. The connections between the departmental and regional routes are at the Pôle Bosquet, since August 2006: The city is engaged in a Bus à haut niveau de service [Bus to high level of service] (BHNS) project for a first route, the railway station to the hospital. The A65 autoroute was opened in December 2010, linking Pau with Bordeaux and the Dordogne. With 400 researchers, Pau is the first European research centre for maize-growing. According to Michel Grosclaude[10] and other onomasticians, more recent research suggests the pre-Indo-European root for a rockface was *pal or *bal, and that the name refers to Pau's position at the foot of the mountains. The conglomeration of Bayonne-Anglet-Biarritz is at 110 km (68 mi), Bordeaux 190 km (118 mi). Pau is located in: France, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Pau. The fame and prestige of the city increased thanks to the conference of the Indochinese States from June to November 1950,[18] visits of Heads of State such as president Charles de Gaulle in February 1959 and the first Secretary of the Soviet Union, Nikita Khrushchev, travelling in Lacq in 1960. The scientific centre of Total in Pau is one research centre for exploration and production of gas and oil in Europe, more than 2,000 people, including 900 doctors and engineers in the geosciences, resulting from the merger of ELF Aquitaine and Total. It stands on the edge of a plateau 130 feet (40 metres) above the valley of the Pau Stream, which descends from the Pyrenees. The Pyrénées Oceanes Campus takes a European dimension and will soon join the University of Aragon, the University of Pamplona and several Spanish business and engineering schools. It thus transforms the sovereign Council of Béarn in the Parliament of Navarre, joining the future courses of Pau and Saint-Palais. In fact, the city has earned the designation as one of the greenest cities in Europe—with over 1,900 acres of green space. Pau is part of the global competitiveness cluster of Aerospace Valley, in the aerospace sector, with Toulouse and Bordeaux. Perhaps the highest-profile sporting event is the Étoiles de Pau ("Stars of Pau"). During this term, she included the rebuilding of the water stadium and making the Rue Joffre pedestrian. The notion of Horizons Palois refers to the desire to protect the major elements which structure the special view from Pau to its natural environment.